Know if you are at your ideal weight calculating your BMI
When talking about BMI, we refer to the Body Mass Index. This is the figure that helps us know if our weight, or that of any other person, is at its ideal level, above or below the weight we want.
When we are within the range of the ideal weight, according to our age and height, the risk of suffering from diseases that could cause the unevenness of these values, both in adults and in children , is greatly reduced . These diseases that can be caused by this reason are malnutrition, diabetes, or even an increased risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
For this reason, it is very common for doctors, nurses and nutritionists to assess the weight of patients before routine consultations . In this way, you can verify how prone that person can be, to suffer any disease related to malnutrition.
How to calculate BMI?
To calculate the BMI, the following formula should be used: Weight / (height x height) in meters. However, you can also discover if you are within your ideal weight, through our online BMI calculator . You just have to fill in the information that you are asked for and the necessary calculation will be done automatically so that you know your BMI.
BMI results table
Although it is highly recommended that each BMI result should be evaluated by a health professional, here is a comparative table , endorsed by the World Health Organization, which indicates the possible results that can be produced BMI calculation. Similarly, the risks that the individual may run are also specified , depending on the index obtained as a result.
|Classification||BMI||What can happen|
|Very low weight||16 to 16.9 kg / m2||Hair loss, brittle nails, infertility, menstrual absence.|
|Under weight||17 to 18.4 kg / m2||Fatigue, stress, anxiety.|
|Normal weight||18.5 to 24.9 kg / m2||Lower risk of heart and cardiovascular diseases.|
|Overweight||25 to 29.9 kg / m2||Fatigue, poor circulation, varicose veins.|
|Obesity Grade I||30 to 34.9 kg / m2||Diabetes, angina, heart attack, atherosclerosis.|
|Obesity Grade II||35 to 40 kg / m2||Sleep apnea, shortness of breath.|
|Obesity Grade III||Greater than 40 kg / m2||Reflux, difficulty moving, bedsores, diabetes, heart attack, stroke.|
It is important that people who are not within their ideal weight , make changes in their usual diet and lifestyle. This includes the practice of physical activity , in order to achieve the perfect weight, which is proportional to the height and age of the person.
Under the ideal weight
When you are below the ideal weight , it is advisable to increase the consumption of foods that are rich in nutrients, so that in this way, the body can increase its immune system, thus defending itself against a large number of diseases.
On the other hand, when people are above their ideal weight , they should consume foods that contain the least amount of calories possible and avoid eating foods high in fat and sugars. They must also perform enough physical activity to remove fat deposits in the body, and thus , reduce the risk of heart disease.
In what situations should the BMI not be calculated?
Although BMI is widely used to verify if a person is below or above their ideal weight , this calculation usually presents failures in some cases, so it is recommended to use other diagnostic means to verify if the patient It really is outside your ideal weight.
In this way, it is important that we know that BMI should not be calculated in people who are athletes or very muscular , because in these cases it is not differentiated if the weight comes from fat or muscle mass. Nor should it be measured in the elderly , because it does not take into account the natural reduction of the muscles in those ages, nor in pregnant women , because it does not take into account the growth of the baby.
In addition, it is also contraindicated in cases of malnutrition, ascites, edema, amputations and incarnate patients. Of the rest, it is occasionally recommended to calculate the BMI of people, in order to know if they are at their ideal weight, thus preventing the development of different diseases and increasing their quality of life, healthily.
Why is it important to be at the ideal weight?
Being at our ideal weight is important, because this value is directly associated with the person’s state of health . Having a small accumulation of fat in the body is essential to save energy reserves. This is so that, when the person becomes ill, he has enough time to recover. However, it is also true that excess fat is counterproductive , since it can accumulate in important organs such as the liver, waist, and also inside the arteries, hindering the normal passage of blood and increasing the risk of suffering of diseases that affect the heart.
For this reason, being at our ideal weight is synonymous with health and well-being. It prevents the development of all kinds of diseases and increases our quality of life . It is important that we know that, if a person is below their ideal weight, they should increase their muscle volume and gain weight in a healthy way . While people who, on the contrary, are above their indicated weight, must burn the accumulated fat in their body, in order to lead a healthy life .